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Southside Virginia

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Prison

Danville

Danville Welcome Center
645 River Park Drive
434-793-4636

Civil War Trails interpretation at the following sites unless otherwise noted:

Sutherlin

Sutherlin Mansion
(Danville Museum of Fine Arts and History)

975 Main St, Danville VA 24541
434-793-5644
 Road map 
   Confederate president Jefferson Davis stayed here April 3–10, 1865, and the remnants of the official Confederate government met here for the last time. Thus, it is known as "the last capital of the Confederacy." Permanent museum exhibit, “Between the Lines: Danville 1861–1865,” examines the city’s wartime role. Open Tuesday–Friday 10 am–5 pm and weekends 2–5 pm. $5/adult.

National, Freedman's and Green Hill cemeteries,
Lee Street
 Road map 
    The National Cemetery here was established in 1867 to rebury the 1,323 Union soldiers who died in Danville's six prisons. A memorial stands over the Confederate section of the nearby Green Hill Cemetery opened in 1863. Recently freed slaves and other black citizens are buried in the adjacent Freedman's cemetery established in 1872.

Civil War Prison No. 6, 300 Lynn St. – This much altered building (originally built 1855) is the only survivor of the converted tobacco warehouses turned into prisons during the war. More than 7,000 Union soldiers were kept in Danville's prisons, including black troops captured at the battle of the Crater near Petersburg.

Civil War Earthworks, just off Route 58 approaching Danville – These earthen fortifications are located on hills above the Dan River.

Richmond & Danville Railroad, signs located at railroad station off Craighead Street – Three Trails signs tell the story of the Richmond & Danville Railroad from its earliest days. The road's role as a key supply route and later an escape route for the Confederate government is covered here.


Clover/Randolph

Staunton River Bridge Battlefield State Park
1035 Fort Hill Trail, Randolph VA 23962 (main entrance, visitor center)
434-454-4312
 Road map 
    The addition of a walking/bicycle trail through the actual battlefield (increasing the roundtrip distance to 2.4 miles) makes this already well-done site even better. A visitor center/museum/shop tells the story of the June 25, 1864, battle between Union cavalry raiders hoping to destroy the bridge and about 500 "old men and young boys" who defended the position. The new trail explores Confederate earthwork defenses then crosses the Staunton River following the railroad right-of-way through the battlefield to Randolph. Parking is available at Randolph (Route 607) and at the main visitor center. Battlefield is open 8 am–dusk daily. Clover visitor center open Monday–Saturday 9 am–4:30 pm and Sunday 1–4:30 pm.


Emporia

Village View Manor House
221 Briggs St., Emporia VA 23847
Call 804-634-8687 or 434-634-2475 about visiting
 Road map 
   Built in the 1790s, the front parlor of this restored home hosted Confederate Gens. W.H. Lee, Wade Hampton and Matthew Butler who led troops attempting to head off a raid south from Petersburg directed by Union Gen. Gouverneur Warren against railroad bridges in early December 1864 (the Hicksford Raid). Damage to the railroad was repaired quickly. Civil War Trails interpretation planned.


Martinsville

Near War’s End (Stoneman’s Raid)
Trails sign at the Henry County Courthouse, 1 E Main St, Martinsville VA 24114
Road map
   In the last days of the war in Virginia, Union troopers, part of Stoneman’s Raid, swept through Wise County. At dawn on April 8, the Federal cavalrymen collided with Confederate troops here at the courthouse. Both sides claimed victory in the skirmish and moved on.

 


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