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Southside Virginia
& Lee's Retreat

Wilson-Kautz Raid


Maps:
Download PDF Official Virginia Civil War Trails map. [592K. If needed, please download and install the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.]
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~ Driving Tour ~

Here are the sites associated with the June 1864 Wilson-Kautz Raid Trail. Each is interpreted with a Virginia Civil War Trails sign.

Prince George Court House – U.S. Gens. Wilson & Kautz departed nearby for their 300-mile cavalry raid to destroy railroads in Southside Virginia.

Reams Station – Station burned by Wilson-Kautz raiders on June 22, 1864. During the expedition's return to Petersburg on June 28, a 10-hour skirmish ensued nearby between the Federal raiders and Confederate Gen. William. Mahone's forces.

Dinwiddie Court House – Before turning north to the South Side Railroad, the Wilson-Kautz raiders destroyed local records and appropriated local livestock.

Five Forks – The raiders passed here on their initial movement toward the South Side Railroad. Here, Gen. Wilson learned of the Confederate attack on his rear guard at Dinwiddie Court House. [Click for more.]

Ford's Depot – The Wilson-Kautz raiders reached this point at sundown on June 22 and destroyed two trains and military supplies.

Black's & White's Station – A local resident gave Wilson incorrect directions, which allowed Confederate forces to temporarily block the Federal advance.

Battle of Nottoway – First sizable engagement fought on the Wilson-Kautz Raid. [Click for more.]

St. Mark's Store – Parties of Union foragers roamed in search of food and horses, meeting sporadic resistance.

Burkeville Junction – This junction of the South Side Railroad and Richmond & Danville Railroad was a key objective of the Wilson-Kautz Raid. [Click for more.]

Meherrin Station – Wilson, entrenched at Nottoway Court House, received word of Kautz's success in destroying Burkeville Junction. Both Union columns rejoined here.

Keysville – The combined Wilson-Kautz column reached here by nightfall of June 24.

Charlotte Court House – After destroying railroad facilities at Burkeville Junction, Meherrin Station and Keysville, fears of local citizens were eased when the detachment burned no buildings.

Drake's Branch – The Union force halted here for two hours on June 25 and continued destroying track.

Carrington's Mill – Rufus Barringer's North Carolina Brigade attacked the Federal rear guard on the hill north of here.

Mulberry Hill – Union headquarters during the Battle of Staunton River Bridge. Roanoke Station - Railroad track was destroyed from Drake's Branch to here just prior to the Battle of Staunton River Bridge.

Staunton River Battlefield State Park – Confederate earthworks remain from the June 25, 1864, battle. [Click for more.]

Wylliesburgh – Site of the expedition's first pause following the Battle of Staunton River Bridge. From this point on, the Federal raiders were in a race to safety.

Christiansville – Fatigued and disorganized following the route at Staunton River Bridge, parties of Federals took farm animals and personal property from area homes.

Mount Horeb Church – Skirmish site where Confederate Gen. Rufus Barringer's North Carolina Brigade struck the rear of the Federal column.

St. John's Church – Communion set from the church was stolen by the raiders and recovered days later at Reams Station.

Danieltown – Seven local men captured 32 of Wilson's cavalrymen near here. Smoky Ordinary - Wilson's raiders camped here on their retreat to the Union lines at Petersburg following their repulse at Staunton River Bridge.

Double Bridges – Wilson made a fateful decision here to proceed north toward Reams Station. [Click for more.]

Sappony Church – Skirmish site where Wilson attempted to force his way through to Reams Station just as C.S. Gen. Wade Hampton's cavalry appeared.

Stony Creek Bridge – Following the skirmish at Sappony Church, the shattered remains of Wilson's command make a brief stand here.

Halifax – Men and boys from Halifax mustered here prior to the Battle of Staunton River Bridge.

Prince George Court House – Following the skirmish at Sappony Church, the shattered remains of Wilson's command make a brief stand here.

Halifax – Men and boys from Halifax mustered here prior to the Battle of Staunton River Bridge.