The seven-state Provisional Confederate Congress met for the first time here Feb. 4, 1861, to organize a government, adopt a constitution and elect a provisional president. By the time the Congress adjourned March 21, all was accomplished. Jefferson Davis was elected president and was inaugurated at the Alabama capitol Feb. 18. The expanding Confederate States of America moved its capital to Richmond, Va., a few months later.
Alabama State Capitol
600 Dexter Ave, Montgomery AL 36102
Marker Jefferson Davis took the oath of office, becoming provisional president of the new Confederate States of America, on the steps of this 1851 building. The spot is marked with bronze star. The Confederate congress first met in the original Senate chamber here.
Free self-guided tours Monday–Friday 9 am–4 pm. On Saturday, guided tours for individuals and small groups are offered at 9 and 11 am, 1 and 3 pm.
Alabama Department of Archives and History
624 Washington Ave, Montgomery AL 36104
Museum galleries display Alabama Civil War soldiers’ material including a fully stocked knapsack, uniforms, battle flags and a sword surrendered to Gen. N.B. Forrest by Union Col. Abel Streight. Open Monday–Saturday 8:30 am–4:30 pm. Free.
First White House of the Confederacy
644 Washington Ave, Montgomery AL 36104
Confederate President Davis and his wife lived in this 1835 house before the capital of the Confederacy was moved to Richmond. Furnished with period pieces. Moved 10 blocks to its present location and restored in 1921.
Open Monday–Friday 8 am–4:30 pm, Saturday 9 am–4 pm. Free.
Winter Building, 2 Dexter Ave – A telegram sent from this building April 11, 1861, authorized Confederate Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard to fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston S.C.